[51] The Afghans lost their stronghold at Attock in that battle. He is also remembered for his conquests and building a well-trained, self-sufficient Khalsa army to protect the empire. His family too was keen on promoting learning, including his wife, Moran Sarkar, who set up two madrasas in Lahore. [79] Hindu Brahmins and people of all creeds and castes served his army,[80][81] while the composition in his government also reflected a religious diversity. She was the wife of the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, Ranjit Singh and the mother of the last Maharaja of the Sikh Dynasty, Duleep Singh. [30], Ratan Kaur and Daya Kaur were wives of Sahib Singh Bhangi of Gujrat (a misl north of Lahore, not to be confused the state of Gujarat). [6][21] Ranjit Singh belonged to the first, and through marriage had a reliable alliance with Kanhayas and Nakkais. [113], "Sher-e-Punjab" redirects here. Entertainment Views After his death, a fight to control the tax spoils emerged, leading to a power struggle among the nobles and his family from different wives. Created with Sketch. [6] Ranjit Singh successfully absorbed and united the Sikh misls and took over other local kingdoms to create the Sikh Empire. In the northwestern region, particularly the Punjab, the creation of the Khalsa community of Sikh warriors by Guru Gobind Singh accelerated the decay and fragmentation of the Mughal power in the region. The five rivers are the Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Chenab and Jhelum, all of which are tributaries of the river Indus. Some of his wives were Mehtab Kaur, Rani Raj Kaur, Rani Rattan Kaur, Rani Chand Kaur, and Rani Raj Banso Devi. His mother Raj Kaur, and his would-be-mother-in-law, Sada Kaur —both widows — took it upon themselves to run the affairs of his state, with the help of Mahan Singh’s Diwan, Lakhpat Rai. He even visited the Golden Temple after this wedding in an act of contrition for marrying a woman whose status did not match his own. Known for striking beauty, intelligence and toughness, the British feared her as a threat. [53], In 1834, Mohammed Azim Khan once again marched towards Peshawar with an army of 25,000 Khattak and Yasufzai tribesmen in the name of jihad, to fight against infidels. [6] Of the fourteen, twelve were Sikh-controlled misls (confederacies), one named Kasur (near Lahore) was Muslim controlled, and one in the southeast was led by an Englishman named George Thomas. Besides, Maharaja Ranjit Singh has 26 concubines in his harem as told by his last surviving son Maharaja Duleep Singh. In 1820 and 1821, Dera Ghazi Khan, Hazara and Mankera, with huge tracts of land between Jhelum and Indus, Singh Sagar Daob, were also annexed. He also married the daughter of Sardar Karam Singh Chinah, the date of her marriage is unknown. He also had several children including sons Kharak Singh, Ishar Singh, Sher Singh, Pashaura Singh and Duleep Singh. Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the most prominent Sikh ruler in history, was an exceptional human being who achieved great heights and glory. Moran Sarkar and Ranjit Singh|Wikimedia Commons It wasn’t only the Maharaja who patronised education. [28][41], After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, the Mughal Empire fell apart and declined in its ability to tax or govern most of the Indian subcontinent. Ranjit Singh married Mehtab Kaur the granddaughter of Jai Singh of the Kanhaiya misl after Sada Kaur, Mehtab’s mother insisted on the alliance. [4][22], Ranjit Singh contracted smallpox as an infant, which resulted in the loss of sight in his left eye and a pockmarked face. The rulers escaped, marking Lahore as the first major conquest of Ranjit Singh. Buy Flomax online, Copyright © 2021 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes, The articles are written by the staff of NationalViews. 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