��l~ ���%�b�awY�r"Ƽ� 9����O���`�#��J�� ��=n#����7\�vpU����?B�f�}�\��0WEO�$��S�_����.����?�3rb����.�~E̅��v�n��0]f��Ԋ,�#i��20���]�:����N=Z�hy��Χ�AEC38����i����z��8�>?�\�ë:8���:��a�x�ϑs��H�O��h��g4��L�"C����� �����4X��#�����c�H�V@����}|�TNxZy�8��w\P4��o;T�g&�'�g��:�v$��U�xX�q g`�����B�%VyI\�8@D �����9B�4�H:�*(T������6B�&>��c�����+�5�X8��)�#5�����nDNa�0}l�@-$�a�� Save as TXT . endobj Xitsonga English; A hi mina: It's not me: A ku hisi: It's not hot: A ku titimeli: It's not cold: A ku ve khisimusi lerinene: Merry … 1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION Even though there will be constant reference to the work already done by other scholars, the researcher’s emphasis will be on the expression of apology in Xitsonga. %PDF-1.3 16 0 obj endobj Is there someone here who speaks English? Microsoft Word Although, strictly speaking, this is not a comparative study, a demonstration of how each type of alternation takes place in English will be given followed by an application of the alternations to Xitsonga constructions. << /Contents 67 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Total translations: 2,210: Total languages: 1,510: Make it your Bible. endobj systematical used in the microstructure of Xitsonga/English Dikixinary/Dictionary (2005) so that dictionary users could be able to retrieve systematic information that could help them to speak the target language in a communicative functional way. << /Contents 45 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 27 0 obj However, discrepancies exist between language policy aims and … << /Contents 68 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 44 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> A collection of useful phrases in Tsonga, a Bantu language spoken mainly in South Africa, and also in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. endobj endobj A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. endobj This as a result will lead to communicative success. This tutorial includes Bokmål only. << /Contents 63 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 34 0 obj Approximately 1,646,000 people in the Limpopo Province are Xitsonga speaking. Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial and Celine for the recordings! due to absence of authentic language learning situations outside and inside classroom. Sadly, amidst the excitement of the new democracy, Xitsonga was chopped from the national anthem. Learn Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) We help you learn with practice games. %�쏢 << /Contents 60 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> It is mutually intelligible with Tswa and Ronga and the name "Tsonga" is often used as a cover term for all three, also sometimes referred to as Tswa-Ronga. Hoi, ik ben Bart de Pau. BIBELE Mahungu Lamanene (TSO89) BIBELE Mahungu Lamanene (TSO89) Xitsonga (Bibele) (TSO29NO) Available translations. endobj Bite-sized Spanish lessons. �Q����FI���B���=���[R(�,)s������0�~K�2. endobj Languages available are -Isifundo, Isingesi, Isingisi, Seisemane,Seeyesemane,Isingisi. Master the basics When you master the basics of conversation you will be able to put that into practice with millions of South Africans in your city and province. varieties). << /Contents 58 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F6 59 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 1.2.1 The Status of Xitsonga as a Language and its Position as a School Subject Reuben Masinge’s informative MA dissertation (1997) determines the causes of the low status and position of Xitsonga. << /Count 6 /Kids [ 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> 1 0 obj SSppookkeenn EEnngglliisshh LLeeaarrnneedd QQuuiicckkllyy LESSONS Pages 1.1 through 16.39 APPENDIX INFORMATION Information for the Student A.1 Assignment Calendar B.2 See More C.1 Coming to the United States D.1 The Journey of a Wise Man: A fable for English learners E.1 A Wise Man’s Discovery: A fable for English … Practice. Learning how to speak Tshivenda 3,700 views. djagegjj Zambiki knew how to speak Sesotho and together with the Basotho Matlanyane and Segagabane, helped the missionaries to translate the Bible and Hymns into Xitsonga. 11 0 obj Zambiki who spoke Xitsonga. << /Contents 64 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F7 65 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 19 0 obj This colorful ethnic group mainly resides in the Southern part of Africa as a continent. x��v�Pox��e="K�5L�c9�M��$�Z#���g�W��"�}� endobj 23 0 obj 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z Purpose: of this module is intended to equip qualifying student teachers with the knowledge and skills of Xitsonga as a Home Language so that it may be used as a language of learning and teaching in the Foundation and Intermediate Phases. endobj endobj 37 0 obj << /Contents 69 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Recommendations Home Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) endobj 2 0 obj endobj �w�8�`�d�%��tرy,�*#��'$��B�<0,؜��[�yT�Ғ\��o;�C��WXې~x��o��'�7�k����{~ ێ��M�R��0�X����Ѹ�O���|Agsw�^�02u����>!�;��Ã�6����6ZRע؋��P�R:�P=E`�܀OEb20n�a�����m����3oC��\R۷���,Z�I������y~��ak��K��`;0j�m�v��Ԇ��v퀁q��#t��Dɏ W�T���수>�D�a�%u����#Au## ���ݲl�y��I�t�f�c��ۘ�K��:|�pR�;��V�,:��oQ7�e;`Xv���!t�j������i�#-�w���� ����w��]4Og$�-K�"��IaL�jS_�G �` �� ��T��{^��"�0�>����� ����╃ Whether you’re a beginner starting with the basics or looking to practice your reading, writing, and speaking, Duolingo is scientifically proven to work. �P� ͙l��|̩* �}/����+�u�?�>_|��X������? See how we do it. << /Author (djagegjj) /CreationDate (D:20050309075200Z) /Creator (Microsoft Word) /ModDate (D:20050309081037+02'00') /Producer (Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows) /Title (CHAPTER 1.doc) >> This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 9 0 obj endobj 14 0 obj #>�Z�1�֡gL\�{1�0�k���]�sC�>�� �}�cSvc@�(�a3�;�1�3�'=#wIrG�����s�%�y nj�p�W"���PPpk`"�d ��K��m}�d/�޷�i��v8�1ۇY��)a:݈��dUw5�͈��vܝ� ���� �����������ƴ���E�6Iݬv~� ���Xr��8�g�2U}c�vZ�!x�ocɞ�� ��hR족�PK�ٞ�? << /Contents 56 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. grade 11 Xitsonga speaking learners of a local high school, both males and females. CHAPTER 1.doc 31 0 obj endobj 7N�0�o��s���ŏ����Ʃ���˭k*��~�t�r��MsQn�0�����v��z��\n��n:�y_n���&�mK�����ɻf���7�����f���ux��2�N?�4}��s�V]�]oA�)u"�W�P7�ߕS�O��^G���2%t��@nCǶ��ẓ�o喻*ɞdx�=�4��d �y�h�C]���ϥ��LY����!�9��q����U79������Ͷ����d@N�\���~pA�� WQ���F�۶}�!�7eh�]3�M��a�7_�onp�����#����9��=���� ��0 Norwegian Lessons: Learn to Speak Norwegian Norwegian Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation. 8 0 obj << /Contents 62 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj [ /CalRGB << /Gamma [ 0.2468 0.2468 0.2468 ] /Matrix [ 0.4361 0.2225 0.0139 0.3851 0.7169 0.09711 0.1431 0.06059 0.7141 ] /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] << /Contents 51 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Choose a language above to practice and learn words and phrases for any of the 11 official South African languages. CHAPTER 1.doc stream endobj endobj << /Contents 61 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj Together they numbered about 1.5 million people in South Africa in the mid-1990s, with some 4.5 million individuals in southern Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Vatsonga have been traced back by historians, to 500 – 1400 AD. the use of code –switching from xitsonga to english as a conversational strategy by hlamalani dollence baloyi mini-dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of masters of arts in translation studies and linguistics in the faculty of humanities (school of languages and communication studies) at the endobj Learn English Speaking Online to improve your Spoken English. endobj Tsonga (/ ˈ t s ɒ ŋ É¡ ə, ˈ t s ɔː-/) or Xitsonga (Tsonga: Xitsonga), is a Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of southern Africa. endobj 3 0 obj djagegjj There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. Introduction The Tsonga are a diverse people, generally including the Shangaan, Thonga, Tonga, and several smaller ethnic groups. Although listening and speaking skills are important, the emphasis is on the … 30 0 obj endobj Choose your topic: Compete. [ /CalGray << /Gamma 0.2468 /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z They originated from the eastern part of Mozambique in the past two thousand years, long before the arrival of the Portuguese. <> << /Contents 49 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> The Vatsonga/Machangana constitute an ethnic group in South Africa, located in the southern part of the African continent. endobj 26 0 obj 33 0 obj Most people from the other population groups can also understand and speak Xitsonga. Play Games: Study. Save as CSV . 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 << /Count 6 /Kids [ 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> 25 0 obj 29 0 obj The Tsonga people are a Bantu speaking ethnic group that is also widely referred to as Xitsonga. Learning how to speak Tsonga ( Xitsonga) - Duration: 5:47. 21 0 obj CHAPTER 1.doc Save as PDF . endobj 32 0 obj << /Count 1 /Kids [ 36 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> << /Contents 52 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Play a game to start learning right away. The Xitsonga language (Ririmi ra manana) as it is known today is linked to the ancient Tonga (Thonga) language of Mozambique and distantly related to other variations found most in abundance within Mozambique, Zambia, and Malawi (Hopgood 1992). << /Contents 55 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Good morning Molo Good evening ('Molo' ) Good night Ulale kakuhle I don't understand Andiqondi Page 1 of 9. 35 0 obj endstream djagegjj Save as CSV . 10 0 obj << /Count 6 /Kids [ 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> To listen to a short snippet of Lesson 1 click on the relevant language below. stream stream << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 1461 >> The Xitsonga people have their native and current roots to the country of South Africa and the southern region of Mozambique. << /Subtype /XML /Type /Metadata /Length 1304 >> 12 0 obj Xitsonga English; Ku rila: To cry: Ku tlangela siku ro velekiwa: Celebrating a birthday: Ku tlula: To jump: Madyambu … He points out that this low status reflects the way in which the language as a school subject is held in poor esteem. %PDF-1.7 GRADE 12 NATIONAL SENIOR … << /Contents 57 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 37 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 13 0 obj By paying … endobj 4 0 obj Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . 17 0 obj The majority of them continue living according to their Xitsonga culture that has influenced boys' and girls' self-expression of emotions when faced with social disturbances where emotions such … << /Contents 50 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> *Our English courses are also available for an African speaking person to learn to speak English. << /Contents 54 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> only way to learn it is to practice, and speak the language with people who know it. 5 0 obj 1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY The study … << /Contents 53 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Study and Learn: Certify. Ndumeliso -Greetings - Duration: 2:52. H��V�r�6���>:���ܧ8�&�4�ƚ4��C! I am an online Dutch teacher + founder of the Dutch Summer School and the Dutch Winter School.More about me here.. My mission: to make learning Dutch accessible to people all over the world, by online courses and Dutch language camps. << /Contents 43 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> According to the author, there are several factors that influence learning of speaking skills for instance use of mother tongue outside and inside classroom environment, low status of English in a country, learners’ negative attitude towards … Highlight or Bookmark your favourite verses, make Verse Images that you can share, and attach public or private Notes to Bible passages. endobj Save as PDF . Uyasithetha isingesi na? Fun, effective, and 100% free. Take Tests: Resources. << /Contents 66 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> �X�(��>���M�G�wU@��FO�f��R�/ax�Zׅ�4F�Q�:���)�욞ˠe�4�8"E�6:��C�~���\'�bת��Cߥ����{׍A;�+$38�;�n�г�:�E������� ��r*7�5��3�:���Ж,\�� � ΢ #�p�:;�Jn����Z��G�]5t�@�o~U^�e�]�Ր��h@y�1B��d�5� So�o�߰�H��tWv��O������:���!�z���@�k�����Z��Kt ���M�)�h��x���%��a�� Need more Norwegian? (�% ʄ����~Ҁ6��vXŶ�ޟ�� dZ�^aG�zq�q��k(�I�$�W {2� ��$V�J`��%��C8����F��B�G�Ħ��Y������ ��FS�98m" << /Count 6 /Kids [ 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> endobj Since Zambiki spoke the Nkuna dialect, it implied that missionaries used this dialect in compiling everything written in Xitsonga. Save as TXT . ]LU��������*��P\�_8�� endobj 7 0 obj << /DefaultGray 3 0 R /DefaultRGB 4 0 R /Metadata 5 0 R /Pages 6 0 R /Type /Catalog >> Learning to speak with the people you live with shouldn’t be a chore, and the purpose of this guide is to make that aspect of your life a little easier. %���� 6 0 obj << /Contents 47 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F5 48 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 18 0 obj ('Ukhona apha umntu othetha isiNgesi' ?) Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day with our game-like lessons. 24 0 obj 28 0 obj endobj << /Count 25 /Kids [ 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R ] /Type /Pages >> The 15 0 obj For once, the Vatsonga and Machangana reached agreement and in unison registered their name as Xitsonga, and that is how it is … On this page you can read or download grade 11 xitsonga home language p2 memorandum in PDF format. XITSONGA-SPEAKING GRADE 7 LEARNERS IN TOWNSHIP SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY TV Manyike & EM Lemmer University of South Africa _____ A clear preference for English as language of teaching and learning (LoLT) is evident in most South African schools. I can't speak Xhosa Andisithethi isiXhosa Do you speak English? endobj endobj Xitsonga is grouped as S50 in Guthrie’s classification (1967-71) and is thus not closely related to any of the other Bantu languages spoken in South Africa, like Sesotho (S30) or Isizulu (S40). endobj 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 endobj However, in light of the synchronic similarities that the different Xitsonga dialects share with the Nguni and Tekeza languages, … �I?��a��ԩ;��L�Td4B�|�14���H#�-g=!� �. endobj 36 0 obj << /Contents 70 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 11 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 5:47. 5 0 obj 20 0 obj Attempting to learn from reading this would be unproductive, or worse, boring. 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