Competency and science-based capacity building activities alongside the nurturing of continuous learning through knowledge development and management of good DRRM practices on the ground. 1. Resistance against natural hazards . People, property, etc. the level of vulnerability and exposure to these events (high confidence). See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. In the year 2011 alone, Asia Pacific represented: 80% (US$ 294/366.1 billion) of the annual global disaster losses Disaster risk has many characteristics. SOCIAL HAZARD. DRR actions can be political, technical,… Total Disaster Risk Management - Good Practices - Chapter 1 Asian Disaster Reduction Center 6 To reduce disaster risk, it is important to reduce the level of vulnerability and to keep exposure … ECONOMIC HAZARD. It may be p Threat, vulnerability and risk are terms that are inherent to cybersecurity. In section 2.1 we have introduced the following definition of hazard of the UN-ISDRas “A dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. Both vulnerabilities and risks should be identified beforehand in order to avoid dangerous or … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. While the literature and common usage often mistakenly combine exposure and vulnerability, they are distinct. Hazard Exposure Vulnerability Disaster Risk rains, storms, etc. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). No public clipboards found for this slide. ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD. Published on July 10, 2014 RISK REDUCTION. Exposure and Vulnerability (DRRR) 1. IPCC has provided the new 'Risk' based framework for vulnerability conceptualization in the AR 5. Land use and urban planning, ecosystem management and disaster recovery – the very tools devised to deal with exposure to risks - … Example: Wetlands, such as the Caroni Swamp, are sensitive to increasing salinity from sea water, and pollution from storm water runoff containing agricultural chemicals, eroded soils, etc. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION Senior High School S/Y 2017 - 2018 2. Vulnerability and risk are two terms that are related to security. Vulnerability and exposure are dynamic, varying across temporal and spatial scales, and depend on economic, social, geographic, demographic, cultural, institutional, governance, and environmental factors (high confidence). Measures of exposure can include the number of people or types of assets in an area. Are smoking, being exposed to second hand smoke, living in old toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals. This is the key difference between risk and vulnerability. The policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster risk reduction (DRR). This literature review provides an overview of the tools and methods used to measure vulnerability… Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Defining Vulnerability • Vulnerability is the state of susceptibility to harm from exposure to stresses associated with environmental and social change and from the absence of capacity to adapt. DISASTER Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be thought of as the implementation of DRR, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a term used for reducing and preventing disaster risks. She defines vulnerability as “uncertainty, risk and emotional exposure.” Think about the vulnerability it takes to love someone – whether it’s your parents, siblings, spouse or close friends. A human health risk human health riskThe likelihood that a given exposure or series of exposures may have damaged or will damage the health of individuals. Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. Structural damage or collapse buildings. Various. This is a vulnerability, as unscrupulous people can easily break the window and gain entry into your home. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Foreign exchange exposure is classified into three types viz. Modifiable Risk Factors of Lifestyle Diseases, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), No public clipboards found for this slide. Vulnerability • It is the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard • Factors of Vulnerability Demographic Factors Population Density Age of Population Distribution of Population A risk is a situation that involves danger. Although both refer to exposure to danger, there is a difference between risk and vulnerability. The exposure module includes tools for localization, classification and evaluation of infrastructure potentially exposed to hazards. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Vulnerability If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Exposure and Vulnerability 1. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters” (UN 2016c). It is crucial for infosec managers to understand the relationships between threats and vulnerabilities so they can effectively manage the impact of a data compromise and manage IT risk. A vulnerability is a flaw or weakness in something that leaves it open to attacks. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Chapter 2 assessment is the process to estimate the nature and probability of adverse health effects in humans who may be exposed to chemicals in contaminated environmental media, now or in the future.. Human health risk assessment … Start studying Module 2: Exposure and Vulnerability. There are steps that we can do to ensure reduction of risks. Environmental Vulnerability: Natural resource depletion and resource degradation are key aspects of environmental vulnerability. Blockchain + AI + Crypto Economics Are We Creating a Code Tsunami? You can change your ad preferences anytime. Additionally, Goal 13 focuses purely on Overview Exposure refers to the presence of people, livelihood, environmental services and resources, infrastructure, or economic, social, or cultural assets in places that could be adversely affected by physical events and which, thereby, are subject to potential future harm, loss, or damage. Vulnerability module includes software tools for the development of physical vulnerability functions for each hazard and class of asset considered. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything. Social vulnerability and high-risk groups Unsafe conditions Economic vulnerability Failure of protective measures Community resilience Policy response and mitigation TEXT BOXES 8.1 Progression of vulnerability: Kobe earthquake 8.2 Progression of vulnerability: Gujarat Earthquake 8.3 Chronology of events during the Montserrat eruption It's a gap in your protection. 10. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Exposure and Vulnerability Chapter 2 DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION 2. Disaster readiness and risk reduction 1. Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in (Twigg, 2004).. Interruption of business due to damage of building and infrastructure. But oftentimes, organizations get their meanings confused. Exposure and Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. This event has a probability of occurrence within a specified period of time and within a given area, and has a given intensity.” These hazardous events may be potentially harmful to pe… Vulnerable Sectors Include 1. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The video clips are from GIZ video on "What is vulnerability and how do we adapt to climate change?" Exposure and vulnerability in Disaster readiness and risk reduction subject in G11 STEM. Transaction exposure deals with actual foreign currency transaction. Ground zero for natural disasters lies not in the US, however, but in the Asia Pacific Region. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. analyze the various hazards and vulnerability factors which put communities and people in harms way. Last week, UN ESCAP/UNISDR released the Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2012, ‘Reducing Vulnerability and Exposure to Disasters’. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. These can be combined with the specific vulnerability and capacity of the exposed elements to any particular hazard to estimate the quantitative risks associated with that hazard in the area of interest (UNISDR, 2017). For example, an exposure may allow an attacker to secretly gather customer information that could be sold. It is founded on the principle that while hazards are inevitable, its adverse effects like lost lives and/or destruction of property are not. Other examples of vulnerability include these: vulnerability as exposure (conditions that make people or places vulnerable to hazard), second, vulnerability as social condition (measure of resilience to hazards), and third, ‘the integration of potential exposures and societal resilience with a specific focus on places or regions (Cutter et al., elements that may be exposed to hazards: Physical hazards. READINESS AND Course Outline Disaster and Disaster Risk Exposure and Vulnerability Basic Concept of Hazard Earthquake Hazard Volcanic Hazards Other Related Geological Hazard Hydrometeorological Hazard Fire Hazard Disaster Risk Reduction and Management What to … Transaction, Translation and Economic Exposure. Disaster Risk The losses and impacts that characterize disasters usually have much to do with the exposure and vulnerability of people and places as they do with the severity of the hazard event (UNISDR, 2013). Translation exposure deals with the accounting representation and economic exposure deals with little macro level exposure which may be true for the whole industry rather than just the firm under concern. [2.2.1, 2.3, 2.5] Trends in vulnerability and exposure are major drivers of changes in disaster risk, and of impacts when risk is realized (high confidence). economic structures, and countries with high fiscal deficits, show greater strains of vulnerability even when faced with relatively small-scale disasters. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. High exposure and vulnerability are linked to skewed development processes, such as those associated with environmental mismanagement, rapid demographic changes, rapid and unplanned economic processes, urbanization in hazardous areas, poor governance, and the scarcity of livelihood options for the people particularly the poor (Cardona et al 2012). 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