Range map-Senecio cineraria-Africa.svg 1,200 × 1,230; 69 KB. Leaves. [53] & Food, Crop Protection Program (SEVU) Canada-Manitoba Weeds (SEVU) [6][7], The hollow[8] stems branch at the tops and from the base. The plant does prefer to take root in disturbed soils, so cultivation rids new plants but also buries and stirs up new seeds so the cultivation needs to be repeated at 14-day intervals. In a first step, the frequency distribution of the range and a buffer area along the climatic gradients are calculated and presented in frequency diagrams. Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Cherokee, Choctaw, Colbert, Conecuh, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Franklin, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Washington. Jacobaea vulgaris, syn. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service Plants Profile Database, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), Integrated Taxonomic Information System Organization (ITIS), United States federal government departments and agencies, "Flora Europaea Search Results matching vulgaris and Senecio", California Department of Food and Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, Center for Biological Informatics of the U.S. Geological Survey, "Weeds of British Columbia Listed by Common Name", "Nature Serve Species Profile for Old-man-in-the-spring (, C. A. Wilen, University of California, Integrated Pest Management Program, San Diego County, International Programme on Chemical Safety, "Cornell University answers questions about California Bay Area plants", Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook, "Safety issues affecting herbs: pyrrolizidine alkaloids", "Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Critical Habitat Designation for, "Reducing Common Groundsel in Strawberry Fields", "Weeds and weed management in carrots - a review", University of California, Riverside, Botany and Plant Sciences Department, "Comparison of Atrazine-Resistant and -Susceptible Biotypes of, "UNEP-WCMC Species Database search results, Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, "Identification: Weed Photo Gallery: Common groundsel", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Senecio_vulgaris&oldid=994119999, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 04:44. Description: Erect annual herb 10–50 cm high, ± succulent, base usually purplish; glabrous or with scattered hairs. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. [58] The cinnabar moth eats groundsel between June and August, but the seeds germinate and the plant grows as soon as the ground is warm enough (and after a warm rain),[15] making this an insufficient control almost everywhere groundsel can be found. [3]:764 The inflorescences usually lack ray florets, the yellow disc florets mostly hidden by the bracts giving the flowers an inconspicuous appearance. Alternate, sparsely hairy to smooth with variable leaf shape. There has been no significant change in the distribution of S. vulgaris since the 1962 Atlas, although there appears to have been a decline in the Scottish Highlands, possibly due to abandoning of marginal cultivations. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. A heavily referenced paper from 1989 suggests that the response is immediate and gives pre-ambulatory care recommendations. hybernicus; Soort 4 bloeiend ter plaatse 2020-12-26 12:27: Luc Elshout Rhoon (ZH) goedgekeurd (automatische validatie) Route. [9], Introduced species become invasive when they compete with natives or with crops. Share. [57] One study showed that rust fungus infected Senecio vulgaris survived and actually used more of the available soil nutrients. Subject. In a first step, the frequency distribution of the range and a buffer area along the climatic gradients are … Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and parts of North Africa. Senecio dalmaticus Vis. The root system consists of a shallow taproot. Senecio gaffatensis Senecio gaffatensis Vatke, Linnaea 39: 505. Studies species. The genus Senecio is cosmopolitan, with 1500 species found in almost every country in the world ( LeStrange, 1977 ). (2n = 20). Synonym. Synonyms. Distribution. ex DC. [6] Stems and leaves can both host the Cineraria leaf rust. In the climatic model of the range of S. vulgaris there were considerable congruencies in its archeophytic and its neophytic parts. & Kit. [6] There is a radiate form of Senecio vulgaris, which is the result of cross pollination with the closely related Oxford ragwort, Senecio squalidus.[10]. Leaves sessile, c. oblong, 3–8 cm long, 6–20 mm wide, pinnatifid with lobes cleft c. halfway to midrib, and irregularly serrate; lower leaves tapered toward base, upper leaves with broad, stem-clasping bases; surfaces with scattered, long hairs or rarely quite glabrous. There is also evidence that the plant develops an immunity to the chemical control. "[11] More recent studies claim that the lethal amount that cattle or horses need to consume is 7% of their body weight (example: 50 pounds (23 kg) would need to be consumed by a cow weighing 700 pounds (318 kg)). Summer or winter annual capable of multiple generations per year. [11] More current information is contradictory about the dangers of the ingestion of groundsel. [13] denticulatus (Mueller) N.Hylander variety Senecio vulgaris var. The weed cannot live on grazed, trampled or mowed sites. Senecio vulgaris is very similar to Senecio viscosus but S. vulgaris does not have the glandular hairs and ray florets found in S. ... Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat. Senecio jacobaea, is a very common wild flower in the family Asteraceae that is native to northern Eurasia, usually in dry, open places, and has also been widely distributed as … viscosus. Predicting potential distribution for alien plants by species distribution model (SDM, or Ecological Niche Model) using occurrence data and habitat environmental variables plays an important role in management of the invasive risk by an alien plant. [21] Text, images and maps give biological, ecological and geographical information. Climatic modelling of plant distribution ranges may contribute significantly to the understanding of the adventitious plants’ spread. Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. In an investigation of two annual Senecio species (S. vernalis and S. vulgaris), Hartmann and Zimmer (1986) found that the highest PA content occurred in the capitula, and that PA concentration (1.0-1.4 mg/g fresh weight) was 5- to 10-fold higher than in the roots and leaves. Leaves are sparsely covered with soft, smooth, fine hairs. Groundsel, a relative of ragwort, is a very common weed of wasteland and gardens with dry soil. The distribution range of Senecio vulgaris L. is climatically modelled using its archeophytic range and the monthly means of precipitation and temperature. and other insects that are not listed here. Its further distribution is less clear. Sommige soorten zijn van Senecio afgesplitst en in andere geslachten ingedeeld. S. vulgaris (a polyploid) has a worldwide distribution and a high self-pollinating ability ( Gibbs et al., 1975 ). grandiflorus Turcz. Senecio vulgaris is an erect herbaceous annual plant growing up to 45 cm tall (Stace, 1997), has a thick taproot, and possesses an ephemeral strategy typical of many weedy species (Weiner et al., 2009). About 25 species contain alkaloids poisonous to humans and animals. Senecio vulgaris L. (2n = 40) is suggested to be of autotetraploid origin fromS. Common Groundsel - (Senecio vulgaris) Distribution 2018 <10 10-100 Legend Infested Acres 100-1000 >1000 No known infestations Present but extent unknown Eradicated No data or insufficient data No warranty is made by WSDA as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of this data for individual or aggregate use with other data. Senecio vulgaris is considered to be native to Europe, northern Asia, and parts of North Africa. It is an annual herb, native to Europe and widely naturalised as a ruderal species in suitable disturbed habitats worldwide. Senecio vulgaris can complete its life cycle in as little as 8 weeks, producing an average of 38,300 seeds per generation and can be found in gardens, lawns, roadsides, field margins, arable lands, waste places and coastal habitats. hibernicus) were mapped by Perring & Sell (1968). Senecio vulgaris . Senecio vulgaris var. Leaves sessile, oblanceolate-spathulate, shallowly to deeply pinnatifid with irregularly dentate lobes, basal leaves petiolate and larger 3-11 x 0.5-2 cm. ex DC. 1875. Present address: Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Sciences, Department of Taxonomy, Corrensstraße 3, D-06466 Gatersleben, Germany. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. "The Names of Plants". Senecio vulgaris distribution maps‎ (10 F) Media in category "Senecio distribution maps" The following 37 files are in this category, out of 37 total. Senecio sylvaticus: flower heads with short rays around the periphery and the involucral bracts without a dark apex (vs. S. vulgaris, with flower heads without ray … [6], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. There is evidence that it is not a strong invasive and sometimes protective of critically endangered native plants.[54]. Senecio vulgaris is a frost resistant [3] deciduous annual plant that grows willingly in disturbed sites, waste places, roadsides, gardens, nurseries, orchards, vineyards, landscaped areas, agricultural lands, [14] at altitudes up to 1,600 feet (500 m) [3] and is, additionally, self-pollinating [14] producing 1,700 seeds per plant with three generations per year. 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